The ban on plastics came much faster than we thought, and the opportunities and challenges facing pulp molding
The actions of restricting plastics and prohibiting plastics really came much faster than we thought. Last year, we saw that many policies were implemented at the end of 2020. It felt like a very distant thing. Now 2020 has passed one third.
The construction of Hainan Free Trade Zone is in full swing a few days ago. The world ’s largest free trade zone and the day before yesterday received separate legislation on April 29, 2020. Many partners do not know what it means. Previously, in China, only Hong Kong and Macao enjoyed this Treatment, even Shenzhen, the window of reform and opening up, has no separate legislation at the national level.
Does this have anything to do with our plastic ban and pulp molding? The editor said: The relationship is great, and listen carefully.
The Office of the Leading Group for the Comprehensive Prohibition of the Production, Sale and Use of Disposable Non-Degradable Plastic Products in Haikou City issued the “Notice on the Pilot Work on the Prohibition of Production, Sale and Use of Disposable Non-Degradable Plastic Products in Haikou” (hereinafter referred to as the “Notice”). From August 1st to November 30th in the key industries and places to ban plastic pilot work.
"Notice" pointed out that by organizing key industries and venues to take the lead in prohibiting the sale and use of the "Nanhai Prohibited Production and Sales of Disposable Non-Degradable Plastic Products List (First Batch)" pilot non-degradable plastic bags and plastic tableware pilot work , Strengthen public opinion and education, strengthen supervision and inspection during the pilot period to ensure the effectiveness of the pilot work.
At the same time, the high-quality R & D and production of alternatives are an important guarantee for the smooth implementation of the ban on plastics. Preferential policies are given to encourage the replacement of disposable non-degradable plastic products such as reusable products, fully biodegradable plastic products, paper products, cloth products, etc. Production.
Hainan is a pioneer in plastic bans and restrictions in China. After Hainan announced measures related to plastic bans and restrictions on plastics last year, Tianjin, Ningxia and other places have successively followed up and introduced policies. This is the demonstration effect.
Today Hainan promulgated a more radical policy of banning plastics.
A reporter from China Market Supervision News was informed that on April 26, the People ’s Government of Haikou City officially issued the “Notice on the Pilot Work on the Prohibition of the Production and Sales of Disposable Non-Degradable Plastic Products in Haikou City”. The issuance of this notice clearly indicates that Haikou City will be the first "prohibition of plastics" order in the whole province!
The above list clearly prohibits the production, sale and use of disposable non-degradable plastic products in the form of a negative list.
The negative list is as follows: contains polyethylene (PE), polypropylene (PP), polystyrene (PS), polyvinyl chloride (PVC), ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymer (EVA), and ethylene terephthalate Disposable films, bags and tableware for non-biodegradable polymer materials such as esters (PET).
So, what alternative products are available after "plastic ban"?
The reporter learned that the requirements for alternatives mainly include reusable products (this is actually an environmentally friendly choice, but the convenience is not enough), fully biodegradable plastic products, cloth products, paper products and biomass products (including bagasse, bamboo fiber And starch) etc.
It should be emphasized that the relevant regulations of Hainan Province stipulate that biomass products should not contain non-degradable plastic components (legendary pseudo-degradation), otherwise they will not comply with the regulations.
The reporter further learned that there are already a number of enterprises interested in investing in Hainan Province. There are already 4 enterprises in the province under construction and plans to build substitute production projects. It is expected that by the end of this year, they will have a production capacity of 23,000 tons / year of substitutes. With the expansion of production capacity and the research and development of new materials, the cost and selling price of alternative products will also fall to a range acceptable to users.
In the course of Hainan's "plastic ban" work, the market supervision department and the relevant departments are responsible for the supervision and management of the prohibition of production, transportation, sales, storage, and use of disposable non-degradable plastic products in accordance with their respective responsibilities.
How to strengthen supervision? The premise of supervision is the improvement of relevant laws and regulations.
Wang Liming, Director of the Law Enforcement Bureau of the Hainan Provincial Market Supervision Bureau, said that if general administrative procedures are used to make administrative punishment decisions during the “prohibition of plastics” enforcement, administrative punishment information will be published in accordance with the relevant provisions of the administrative punishment information disclosure, and inter-departmental joint punishment will be implemented to achieve Illegal and restricted everywhere. "
"At present, we are promoting the establishment of a complete standard system for biodegradable plastic products to provide an accurate and reliable evaluation of the performance of substitutes as a scale for law enforcement supervision, thereby improving the scientificity and precision of supervision."
Considering that the compostable standard has not yet been implemented in China, and Hainan has such a good policy environment, local companies and industry associations in Hainan can consider promoting this standard as soon as possible, which will generate huge market economic benefits.
Considering the demonstration effect of Hainan's policy and the huge policy flexibility of Hainan's separate legislation, it can be expected that Hainan's plastic ban will be successful, then such policies will soon be followed by other provinces and cities.
In accordance with the above requirements, the Pulp Molding and other alternative products divisions clearly have great room for development.
Pulp molded bowls, boxes, dishes, and trays have mature products, and beverage cups have products that need further improvement. The straws have not yet mature products. As more and more participants participate in research and development, knives, forks and spoons have seen solutions, and more alternatives to disposable plastic products are on the way.
And domestic traditional paper-making companies have also seen the huge business opportunities brought by the ban on plastics, APP, and Hongta Yunnan have launched food-grade cardboard for takeout lunch boxes. It can be expected that these products will coexist in the future, and Compete with each other, and finally see who has more competitive advantage, who can occupy more market share and strategic heights.
Has Li Yuchun endorsed pulp molding?